What Are The Advantages of Pneumatic Tires? Here Are The Pros and Cons

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If you are in the market for a new forklift and you are wondering what are the advantages of pneumatic tires, here's a breakdown of the pros and cons. Pneumatic tires cost a bit more than other types of tires, but they do have some distinct advantages that just might make the extra cost worth it. Also, it is important to choose the right tire for the right type of application.

If you are looking for some advice on what type of tire would suit your particular purposes best, talk to the professionals at Wayco. Our staff has the experience and the knowledge to answer any of your questions and we carry a large lineup of quality new and used forklifts to fit your budget and your unique needs.t

 

What Are Pneumatic Tires?

You may have heard the term "pneumatic" tires before, but are not sure exactly what that is. Pneumatic tires are found on high capacity, all terrain, and industrial forklift trucks. There are actually two types of pneumatic tires: solid or filled with air.

Air-Filled: An air-filled pneumatic tire has an airtight inner core filled with pressurized air and covered by a tread that is usually reinforced with steel belting or other materials.

The inside pressure of the tire is greater than the outside air pressure, which means that the tire will stay inflated even with the heavy weight of the vehicle pressing down on it. You can easily recognize an air-filled pneumatic tire because they will have a valve where you can fill them with air. Cushion tires don't have a valve.

Solid: Solid pneumatic tires are made of solid rubber or sometimes filled with foam instead of air. This makes them more puncture-proof than air filled tires, but they don't give you as smooth of a ride. 

 
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There are two types of pneumatic tires - air-filled and solid

Advantages of Pneumatic Tires 

More Durable:

Pneumatic tires are made out of very durable rubber and are constructed with a deep tread that makes them more durable than cushion tires. Their thick rubber makes them a great choice for harsh conditions and uneven surfaces.

Easily Interchangeable:

Pneumatic tires are made with two sets of bolts on the inside of the rim. One set locks the rim onto the axle and the other set locks the wheel to the rim. This design means that they are easily interchangeable.

Smoother Ride:

Air-filled pneumatic tires are filled with air, which cushions your ride and will give you a smoother overall operating experience. The air helps to absorb the bumps when going over potholes, obstructions, and bumps, making a much more comfortable ride for your operators. This cushioning effect will also help to lengthen the lifespan of your forklift as it will protect your trucks from the hard, constant jarring of the terrain.

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Air-filled pneumatic tires give you a smoother ride over bumpy, outdoor surfaces

 

Ideal for Rough Terrain:

Because of their deeper treads and great durability, pneumatic tires are wonderful on rough or uneven terrain. Their dense cushioning makes them very effective when working on rough or potholed turf. The air inside a pneumatic tire helps to absorb the impact when going over bumps thus reducing the jarring usually caused by irregular ground. As a result, air-filled pneumatic tires work well in rugged outdoor applications and construction sites.

 

Choose Between "Bias" Ply or Steel "Radial" Construction:

Depending on what you are using your forklift for, you can choose to us either a "bias" ply or a steel "radial" pneumatic tire. Radials provide a smoother ride, but Bias offers more stability in the sidewall for certain applications. Radials also offer a longer tread wear, better traction and flotation, and a smoother ride. However, they are slightly more expensive to purchase than bias. If you consider the total cost of ownership though, you probably will find that radials are less expensive in the long run as they last longer. 

Disadvantages of Pneumatic Tires

 

Cost More Than Cushion Tires:

Pneumatic tires are usually larger than cushion tires and are generally slightly more expensive to purchase. However, because they are more durable and tend to last longer and they tend to make your forklift last longer, pneumatic tires are worth the extra money.

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 Pneumatic tires may cost more initially, but they do help to prolong the
lifespan of your forklift

 

Air-Filled Are Prone to Punctures:

The fact that air-filled pneumatic tires are filled with air can be both a pro and a con. The air gives it a smoother ride, but it also means that the tire is more prone to getting punctures and deflating, often at very inconvenient times. You can repair a punctures pneumatic tire. However, you will often find that after the repair, the tire will not perform as well as it did before and it may be less reliable.

 

Difficult to Get the Right Tire Pressure:

Air-filled pneumatic tires can be very difficult to get just the right tire pressure you need for your application. Variations in air pressure can greatly affect your tire's performance and it is quite tricky to achieve the perfect pressure.

 

Susceptible to Temperature Changes Causing Poorer Handling:

Because air-filled pneumatic tires are filled with air, their internal pressure can change with a change in temperature. Hotter temperatures will cause the air to expand and colder temperatures will cause it to deflate. As a result, you can experience poorer handling. If your tires deflate, they will flatten slightly meaning that more tread will be in contact with the road.

 

Less Maneuverability:

Because of their size, pneumatic forklifts usually have a larger turning radius, making them less maneuverable than a smaller cushion tire.

 

Where Should You Use Pneumatic Tires

If your forklifts are to be working on uneven or rugged terrain, such as gravel or at a construction site, pneumatic tires are your best choice.

You can also use pneumatic tires indoor for extra comfort for your operators, however, if you are working in tighter spaces and require greater maneuverability, you may want to choose a cushion tire.

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Choose the tire that best suits where and how you will be using your forklift 

 

Sources:

 

Wayco: For Pneumatic and Cushion Forklifts Plus the Safety Training You Need to Run Them

If you are looking for top quality forklifts, contact WaycoWe sell the best pneumatic and cushion tire forklifts you can buy and our knowledgeable staff will be able to help you choose the perfect model that will best suit your particular applications. We will be happy to answer all of your questions and we can even provide top-notch safety training for your operators. Contact Wayco today for all of your forklift needs.

Wayco's intense and comprehensive forklift safety training program will provide you and your employees with the best safety training at the best price. This thorough program has a 98% pass rate. We can train individuals or groups at our facility or yours - you choose.

Our Safe Operation of a Lift Truck/Forklift Program is an excellent way for you to ensure forklift safety in your workplace. With our training you will experience:

• Innovative training practices

• Affordable pricing

• Flexible and professional trainers

• Comprehensive in-class and practical experience

Contact Wayco today to book your next session.

How to Reduce Forklift Accidents – Be Safe & Save Lives

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Learn how to reduce forklift accidents; effective, affordable lift truck safety training by our experts for all your employees. Stay safe and accident-free.

In order to be able to safely use forklift equipment, you must first understand how a forklift operates, the weight that it is designed to handle and how it must be repaired. These are all critical factors to understand how to reduce forklift accidents. Accidents occur when there is a lack of education and proper training. Forklifts are gaining popularity because of their ability to move large quantities of product, effectively and quickly. They are an essential tool for many businesses across Canada. A top priority should be to create a safe workplace by learning how to reduce forklift accidents. There are key issues that must be addressed and every employee must be aware of risk factors at all times.

OSHA statistics indicate that there are roughly 85 forklift fatalities and 34,900 serious injuries each year, with 42 percent of the forklift fatalities from the operator’s being crushed by a tipping vehicle.

Four of the most common reasons why forklift accidents happen are not having proper training, no pedestrian and worker awareness, driving issues, and loading problems. If these four factors are addressed, the risk of workplace injury will decrease substantially. If you would like to set up forklift safety training for your employees, contact Wayco today.

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GET PROPER TRAINING

step 1

Accidents often happen in the workplace due to not enough training or not knowing how to maintain the forklift properly with various safety checks that should be done on a daily basis. To determine if a machine needs servicing, a forklift inspection is essential. Regular inspections can help to prevent accidents and injuries. OSHA believes that proper operator forklift training can reduce the risk of accidents by 25-30%. If you need to brush up or you need new forklift training, Wayco is able to offer this service. Safety standards not only help to prevent accidents, but they also keep employees healthy and prevent damage to your equipment and inventory.

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PROMOTE PEDESTRIAN AND WORKER AWARENESS

step 2

Pedestrians always have the right-of way, even if they are walking in the path of a forklift. It’s no different than driving a vehicle on a road. Pedestrians cannot always see the lift truck, or hear the forklift which can result in an accident or injuries. The workplace can control these accidents through better traffic management and awareness. Employers can create designated walkways or travel ways, and equip the forklift with a blue safety light that projects on the floor in front or behind the approaching forklift’s path, warning pedestrians of its approach and direction. These are just a few things to prevent accidents. Pedestrian Awareness training covers the basic hazards in the workplace between pedestrians and forklifts.Pedestrians learn to stop, look and listen. You never know when a truck may appear suddenly around a blind corner. It is also important tor engage in eye contact with the forklift driver before crossing the forklift’s path. Close to 20 percent of all forklift accidents involve a pedestrian being struck by the forklift. It is crucial for communication and alertness to reduce forklift accidents.

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ADDRESS DRIVING ISSUES

STEP 3

The most common accident happens from traveling too fast in the wrong conditions. Even experienced drivers can make mistakes if operating in an unsafe manner. Lift trucks are really heavy and often unstable and the operator driving the forklift has to drive responsibly. They can not only put themselves at risk, but they can jeopardize the safety of other employees and pedestrians. Erratic driving, stunt driving or any horseplay should be reported immediately to a supervisor and the operator should be disciplined. 7% of all forklift accidents are caused by driving off a loading dock and all other accidents are due to traveling at high speeds, improper backing up or parking techniques, turning or braking incorrectly, improper warning, riding with the load elevated and inadequate servicing of the forklift.

To reduce forklift accidents, all potential hazards need to be understood by forklift operators to perform their jobs in a safe and appropriate manner and prevent accidents and injuries. OSHA collects more than $2 million each year from citations issued to organizations that fail to maintain their forklifts or provide adequate training to their employees.

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PREVENT LOADING PROBLEMS

STEP 4

Each forklift has a manufacturer’s load capacity plate. It determines the maximum weight that a forklift is able to safely carry at a specific load center. To ensure the weight is distributed properly; it is critical that loads are secured and carefully centered on the forks. If not centred the forklift’s capacity will be reduced and it can tip over easily. Actually, 14% of forklift accidents or serious crush injuries are caused by rollover, collision or falling loads if the capacity is exceeded.

To reduce forklift accidents, here are some of the loading problems that should be avoided:

  • Poorly stacked or piled items on the pallet.

  • Load is too heavy or blocking vision

  • Exceeding the recommended load limit of your lift truck.

  • Loads not close to the front wheels to keep lift truck stable

  • Unstable loads

  • Carrying a heavy load with the forks too high

  • Raising or lowering the fork when the lift truck is not stopped 

  • Lifting loads straight up or tilted back slightly

  • Forks not spaced properly

It may seem like an easy, simple thing to operate a forklift, but if not done properly, significant injuries and damage can occur. If you are not properly trained, contact us and to help you prevent unnecessary risk.

Tip:

Load Center is easily calculated by measuring the load to be carried, and dividing by two (providing the load is evenly distributed, and positioned to butt up to the forklift backrest). You will often see a forklift truck’s nominal capacity quoted in a form such as 2,000kg @ 500mm load centre.

I have used Wayco twice, and both times I experienced excellent customer service . They had the right forklift for my needs at a reasonable price. I will be using their services in the future and recommend you do as well.
— Gabe Gartner
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Related Articles how to reduce forklift accidents:

5 Ways You Can Reduce the Risk of forklift Accidents
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Forklift Trucks – Common Factors in Forklift Accidents 
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Three Simple Ways to Prevent Forklift Accidents 
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5 Tips for Preventing Forklift Accidents
 (OSHA), forklift accidents are responsible for approximately 100 deaths, 34,900 serious injuries and 61,800 minor injuries each year.